LRD Booklets December 2018

Sickness absence and sick pay - a guide for trade unions and working people

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Introduction

Introduction
 [pages 5-6] (771 words)

The context for negotiations and representation over sickness absence and sick pay has moved on since the last LRD guide was published in 2015. ...
Open access

Chapter 1

1. Background to sickness absence
 [ch 1: page 7] (145 words)

Central government policy is an important influence on the management of sickness absence. It controls the Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) scheme, other ...
Subscribers only

Focus on absence
 [ch 1: page 7] (203 words)

‘Improving lives’
 [ch 1: pages 7-8] (219 words)

Potential gains 
 [ch 1: pages 8-9] (441 words)

Employers and managers
 [ch 1: page 9] (119 words)

Patterns of absence
 [ch 1: pages 9-10] (193 words)

General absence levels 
 [ch 1: pages 10-11] (416 words)

Variations in sickness absence 
 [ch 1: page 11] (318 words)

Public/private sector
 [ch 1: page 12] (333 words)

Workplace size
 [ch 1: page 12] (83 words)

Hours of work
 [ch 1: page 13] (175 words)

Occupation and technological change
 [ch 1: page 13] (197 words)

Causes of sickness absence
 [ch 1: pages 13-14] (236 words)

Minor illnesses
 [ch 1: pages 14-15] (260 words)

Musculoskeletal disorders
 [ch 1: page 15] (249 words)

Mental ill health 
 [ch 1: pages 15-16] (483 words)

Work-related mental health problems
 [ch 1: pages 16-18] (623 words)

Specific health conditions
 [ch 1: page 18] (82 words)

Drugs and alcohol 
 [ch 1: page 18] (160 words)

Obesity
 [ch 1: page 18] (110 words)

Migraine
 [ch 1: pages 18-19] (288 words)

‘Spectrum’ conditions
 [ch 1: page 19] (89 words)

Presenteeism
 [ch 1: pages 19-21] (653 words)

Leavism
 [ch 1: page 21] (165 words)

The union effect
 [ch 1: pages 21-22] (321 words)

Claims and agreements
 [ch 1: page 22] (288 words)

Chapter 2

2. Absence management
 [ch 2: page 23] (153 words)

Every employer must have some system for managing employee sickness absence, one that at least provides for sick pay to be paid in line with the ...
Subscribers only

General legal framework 
 [ch 2: page 23] (297 words)

Sickness absence policy
 [ch 2: page 24] (295 words)

What counts as sickness absence?
 [ch 2: pages 24-25] (385 words)

NHS absence management policy
 [ch 2: pages 25-26] (517 words)

Who the absence policy applies to
 [ch 2: page 27] (111 words)

Principles
 [ch 2: pages 27-28] (397 words)

Management
 [ch 2: page 28] (230 words)

Employees
 [ch 2: page 28] (68 words)

Procedures
 [ch 2: pages 28-29] (557 words)

Notifying sickness absence
 [ch 2: pages 30-31] (419 words)

Method of notification
 [ch 2: page 31] (171 words)

Becoming ill at work
 [ch 2: page 31] (43 words)

Accidents and work-related ill health
 [ch 2: pages 32-33] (437 words)

Employer responses to absence
 [ch 2: page 33] (57 words)

Certification of sickness absence 
 [ch 2: page 33] (53 words)

Self-certification
 [ch 2: page 33] (119 words)

Keeping in touch
 [ch 2: pages 33-34] (439 words)

Short and long-term absence
 [ch 2: pages 34-35] (476 words)

Medical evidence
 [ch 2: page 35] (150 words)

Fit Notes
 [ch 2: page 36] (400 words)

Using the Fit Note
 [ch 2: pages 36-37] (203 words)

Reforming the Fit Note
 [ch 2: page 37] (205 words)

Fit for Work
 [ch 2: pages 37-38] (434 words)

Occupational Health Services
 [ch 2: pages 38-40] (866 words)

Return to work 
 [ch 2: page 41] (425 words)

Trigger points
 [ch 2: pages 41-42] (950 words)

The Bradford Factors system
 [ch 2: page 44] (345 words)

Rehabilitation 
 [ch 2: page 45] (77 words)

Access to Work
 [ch 2: page 45] (250 words)

Records and data
 [ch 2: pages 45-48] (1,163 words)

Data subject access
 [ch 2: pages 48-49] (422 words)

Surveillance
 [ch 2: pages 49-50] (281 words)

Terminal illness
 [ch 2: page 50] (259 words)

Chapter 3

3. Equality
 [ch 3: page 51] (203 words)

In addition to the general legal framework surrounding sickness absence management (see Chapter 2), equality law plays a very important role in ...
Subscribers only

Equality law
 [ch 3: pages 51-52] (472 words)

Age
 [ch 3: page 52] (64 words)

Age and absence
 [ch 3: pages 53-54] (837 words)

Disability
 [ch 3: pages 54-55] (365 words)

Definition of disability
 [ch 3: pages 55-56] (567 words)

Disability discrimination
 [ch 3: pages 56-57] (389 words)

Reasonable adjustments
 [ch 3: pages 57-58] (319 words)

When adjustments are needed
 [ch 3: pages 58-59] (595 words)

Adjusting sick pay
 [ch 3: page 59] (38 words)

Adjusting workloads and responsibilities
 [ch 3: pages 59-60] (460 words)

Adjusting absence management
 [ch 3: pages 60-61] (207 words)

Adjusting trigger points
 [ch 3: pages 61-62] (585 words)

Disability Confident scheme
 [ch 3: page 62] (61 words)

Gender reassignment
 [ch 3: pages 62-63] (271 words)

Pregnancy and maternity
 [ch 3: pages 63-64] (553 words)

Fertility
 [ch 3: pages 64-65] (291 words)

Maternity suspension
 [ch 3: page 65] (353 words)

Race
 [ch 3: page 66] (213 words)

Sex
 [ch 3: page 66] (242 words)

Menopause
 [ch 3: pages 67-68] (512 words)

Menstruation
 [ch 3: page 68] (81 words)

Sexual orientation
 [ch 3: page 68] (165 words)

Domestic violence and partner abuse
 [ch 3: pages 69-70] (481 words)

Part-time and fixed-term workers
 [ch 3: page 70] (194 words)

Casual and zero hours work
 [ch 3: pages 70-71] (461 words)

Agency workers and contractors
 [ch 3: pages 71-72] (390 words)

Self-employment
 [ch 3: pages 72-73] (332 words)

Bogus self-employment and sick pay
 [ch 3: pages 73-74] (697 words)

Flexible working
 [ch 3: pages 74-75] (482 words)

Dependants and family emergencies
 [ch 3: pages 75-76] (330 words)

Holidays and sickness absence
 [ch 3: page 76] (149 words)

Accrual
 [ch 3: page 76] (47 words)

Rescheduling leave
 [ch 3: pages 76-77] (152 words)

Leave or sickness absence?
 [ch 3: page 77] (88 words)

Carry-forward to another holiday year
 [ch 3: pages 77-78] (541 words)

How far can leave be carried forward
 [ch 3: pages 78-79] (442 words)

Health and recruitment
 [ch 3: page 79] (217 words)

TUPE and sickness absence
 [ch 3: pages 79-80] (122 words)

Chapter 4

4. Wellbeing
 [ch 4: pages 81-82] (560 words)

For some employers, the issue of sickness absence is now being considered in a wider framework of employee wellbeing. In response to the 2011 ...
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Raising standards
 [ch 4: pages 82-83] (714 words)

Negotiating wellbeing 
 [ch 4: page 84] (294 words)

Chapter 5

5. Statutory Sick Pay
 [ch 5: page 85] (242 words)

Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) provides a framework for the way that employers manage sickness absence (see Chapter 2) but it is primarily designed to ...
Subscribers only

How much SSP is worth
 [ch 5: page 85] (161 words)

Qualifying for SSP
 [ch 5: pages 85-87] (598 words)

When SSP is payable
 [ch 5: page 87] (139 words)

Workforce groups
 [ch 5: page 87] (67 words)

Agricultural workers
 [ch 5: pages 87-88] (268 words)

Casual, zero hours and agency workers
 [ch 5: page 88] (161 words)

Educational term-time workers 
 [ch 5: page 88] (101 words)

Mariners
 [ch 5: page 88] (22 words)

More than one job
 [ch 5: page 89] (478 words)

Working outside the UK
 [ch 5: page 90] (42 words)

Disputes over Statutory Sick Pay
 [ch 5: page 90] (151 words)

Employment and Support Allowance [ch 5: pages 90-91] (279 words)

Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit
 [ch 5: page 91] (159 words)

The future for Statutory Sick Pay 
 [ch 5: page 91] (294 words)

Chapter 6

6. Occupational Sick Pay
 [ch 6: pages 92-93] (762 words)

The gap between SSP and normal earnings is often filled by an occupational sick pay scheme (OSP), otherwise known as contractual sick pay or company ...
Subscribers only

Contractual sick pay
 [ch 6: page 94] (183 words)

Changing contractual entitlement
 [ch 6: page 95] (237 words)

Better sick pay
 [ch 6: page 95] (274 words)

Statutory sick pay and occupational sick pay
 [ch 6: pages 95-96] (409 words)

Negotiating sick pay
 [ch 6: pages 96-97] (372 words)

Linking pay negotiations to sickness absence
 [ch 6: page 97] (252 words)

Duration of occupational sick pay
 [ch 6: page 98] (307 words)

Level of occupational sick pay
 [ch 6: pages 98-99] (548 words)

Work-related sickness absence and infectious conditions
 [ch 6: pages 99-100] (512 words)

Pay during a phased return to work
 [ch 6: pages 100-101] (181 words)

Extended occupational sick pay
 [ch 6: page 101] (156 words)

Medical appointments
 [ch 6: page 101] (80 words)

Attendance incentives
 [ch 6: page 101] (81 words)

Chapter 7

7. Capability and dismissal
 [ch 7: page 102] (294 words)

Most employers will have their own procedures for managing sickness absence including circumstances under which the possibility of dismissal can ...
Subscribers only

Capability
 [ch 7: pages 102-103] (401 words)

Focusing on the circumstances
 [ch 7: pages 103-104] (297 words)

Fair process
 [ch 7: pages 104-105] (259 words)

Independent decision-making
 [ch 7: page 105] (200 words)

Acas Code of Practice
 [ch 7: pages 105-106] (218 words)

Status of the Code and Guidance
 [ch 7: page 106] (149 words)

Using the Acas Code
 [ch 7: page 106] (253 words)

Elements of good practice
 [ch 7: pages 107-108] (536 words)

Protected conversations
 [ch 7: page 108] (91 words)

Penalties that stop short of dismissal
 [ch 7: page 108] (210 words)

Frustration of contract
 [ch 7: page 109] (137 words)

Selection for redundancy
 [ch 7: page 109] (81 words)

Appeal
 [ch 7: page 109] (182 words)

Unfair dismissal
 [ch 7: pages 109-110] (396 words)

Constructive dismissal
 [ch 7: pages 110-111] (334 words)

Collective response
 [ch 7: page 111] (240 words)

Further information

Further information
 (139 words)

Statutory Sick Pay: https://www.gov.uk/statutory-sick-pay ...
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