LRD Booklets July 2019

Health and safety law 2019

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Introduction

Introduction
 [pages 8-11] (884 words)

This latest edition of the Labour Research Department’s annual guide to health and safety law is being published at a time of great political ...
Open access

Chapter 1

1. The structure of health and safety law

 [ch 1: page 11] (165 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974
 [ch 1: pages 11-15] (1,769 words)

The Civil Liability Act 2018 and the increase in the small claims track limit 
 [ch 1: pages 15-16] (129 words)

The European Union, UK health and safety law and Brexit
 [ch 1: pages 16-17] (652 words)

Regulations, Approved Codes of Practice and guidance

 [ch 1: pages 17-18] (346 words)

Directors’ duties
 [ch 1: pages 18-19] (739 words)

Common law and statute law

 [ch 1: page 20] (364 words)

Examples of recent successful personal injury claims
 [ch 1: pages 20-21] (367 words)

Health and safety reviews under the coalition government 2010-2015

 [ch 1: page 21] (52 words)

The Young review

 [ch 1: pages 21-22] (346 words)

The Löfstedt review 

 [ch 1: pages 22-23] (360 words)

Chapter 2

2. The health and safety inspection and enforcement regime

 [ch 2: page 24] (157 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

Enforcement agencies and regulators

 [ch 2: pages 24-26] (644 words)

The Gangmasters and Labour Abuse Authority
 [ch 2: pages 26-27] (158 words)

New Joint Regulators’ Group for fire safety in buildings
 [ch 2: page 27] (321 words)

Inspections 
 [ch 2: pages 27-29] (652 words)

National Enforcement Code

 [ch 2: page 29] (173 words)

Targeted enforcement

 [ch 2: page 29] (108 words)

Growth duty for non-economic regulators
 [ch 2: page 30] (277 words)

The Regulators’ Code

 [ch 2: page 30] (102 words)

Paying for enforcement — fee for intervention

 [ch 2: pages 30-31] (556 words)

Penalties — notices and fines
 [ch 2: page 32] (317 words)

Sentencing guidelines

 [ch 2: pages 32-35] (1,340 words)

HSE Enforcement Policy Statement

 [ch 2: pages 35-36] (261 words)

Investigating work-related deaths

 [ch 2: pages 36-37] (299 words)

Corporate manslaughter

 [ch 2: pages 37-39] (1,032 words)

New Sentencing Council guidelines for gross negligence manslaughter
 [ch 2: pages 39-40] (278 words)

Hillsborough
 [ch 2: page 40] (190 words)

Grenfell Tower fire
 [ch 2: page 40] (130 words)

Crown immunity

 [ch 2: page 41] (230 words)

Culpable homicide bill in Scotland
 [ch 2: page 41] (163 words)

Chapter 3

3. The management of health and safety at work

 [ch 3: page 42] (123 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999

 [ch 3: page 42] (78 words)

Risk assessments

 [ch 3: pages 42-45] (1,144 words)

The principles of prevention

 [ch 3: page 45] (136 words)

Health and safety arrangements

 [ch 3: page 45] (59 words)

Health surveillance

 [ch 3: page 46] (124 words)

Appointment of safety specialists

 [ch 3: page 46] (69 words)

Procedures for serious and imminent danger
 [ch 3: page 46] (213 words)

Information and training

 [ch 3: page 47] (416 words)

Co-operation and co-ordination

 [ch 3: page 48] (47 words)

Temporary workers

 [ch 3: page 48] (85 words)

New and expectant mothers

 [ch 3: pages 48-49] (340 words)

Workplace hazards for pregnant and breastfeeding women

 [ch 3: pages 49-50] (531 words)

Health, safety and pregnancy and maternity case law
 [ch 3: pages 50-52] (1,004 words)

Pregnant agency workers

 [ch 3: pages 52-53] (118 words)

Pregnancy and night work

 [ch 3: page 53] (50 words)

Revised HSE guidance [ch 3: page 53] (117 words)

MPs’ inquiry into pregnancy and maternity discrimination
 [ch 3: pages 53-54] (355 words)

New TUC and Maternity Action guide
 [ch 3: page 54] (238 words)

Young workers

 [ch 3: pages 55-56] (366 words)

HSE Guidance on the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations

 [ch 3: page 56] (161 words)

Chapter 4

4. Safety reps, safety committees and taking action

 [ch 4: page 57] (129 words)

Key changes and developments since last year
 ...
Subscribers only

The Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations 1977

 [ch 4: pages 57-58] (409 words)

Going beyond the legal minimum
 [ch 4: pages 58-59] (473 words)

Trade Union Act 2016 — threat to trade union facility time
 [ch 4: pages 59-60] (519 words)

Appointing safety reps

 [ch 4: pages 60-61] (401 words)

Safety reps’ functions

 [ch 4: page 61] (106 words)

Consultation

 [ch 4: pages 61-62] (266 words)

Facilities for safety reps

 [ch 4: page 62] (146 words)

Safety reps’ legal rights to paid time off

 [ch 4: page 63] (278 words)

Case law on time off for safety reps 

 [ch 4: pages 63-64] (760 words)

Right to information

 [ch 4: page 65] (225 words)

Safety committees

 [ch 4: page 65] (141 words)

Enforcement of the Safety Reps and Safety Committees Regulations

 [ch 4: page 66] (121 words)

Safety reps reporting of problems to the HSE

 [ch 4: pages 66-67] (291 words)

Consultation where there is no union recognition

 [ch 4: page 67] (127 words)

Safety reps representing all staff
 [ch 4: page 67] (128 words)

Scope of employer’s obligation to consult

 [ch 4: page 67] (100 words)

The need for stronger regulations

 [ch 4: page 68] (238 words)

Legal protection for those taking action on safety
 [ch 4: pages 68-70] (858 words)

Reinstatement

 [ch 4: page 70] (326 words)

Compensation

 [ch 4: page 71] (72 words)

Whistleblowing — the Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998

 [ch 4: pages 71-74] (1,668 words)

The Francis report

 [ch 4: page 74] (108 words)

Interim relief

 [ch 4: page 75] (298 words)

Changes to the tribunal system

 [ch 4: page 75] (55 words)

Employment tribunal fees abolished
 [ch 4: pages 75-76] (253 words)

Acas early conciliation

 [ch 4: page 76] (252 words)

Tribunal reform proposals 
 [ch 4: page 77] (121 words)

Blacklisting
 [ch 4: pages 77-78] (649 words)

Victory for blacklisted workers but fight goes on
 [ch 4: pages 78-79] (443 words)

Chapter 5

5. The workplace and the working environment

 [ch 5: page 80] (195 words)

Key changes and developments since last year
 ...
Subscribers only

Regulation of minimum workplace standards
 [ch 5: pages 80-81] (226 words)

Stability and solidity

 [ch 5: page 81] (76 words)

Maintenance

 [ch 5: page 81] (57 words)

Ventilation

 [ch 5: page 81] (135 words)

Temperature

 [ch 5: pages 81-82] (280 words)

Campaign for legally enforceable maximum temperature

 [ch 5: pages 82-83] (342 words)

Lighting
 [ch 5: page 83] (121 words)

Cleanliness

 [ch 5: page 83] (35 words)

Space

 [ch 5: page 83] (147 words)

Workstations and seating

 [ch 5: pages 83-84] (97 words)

Condition of floors

 [ch 5: page 84] (74 words)

Falls or falling objects

 [ch 5: page 84] (60 words)

Transparent surfaces and windows

 [ch 5: page 84] (66 words)

Doors and gates

 [ch 5: page 84] (73 words)

Organisation of traffic routes

 [ch 5: pages 84-85] (73 words)

Escalators and moving walkways

 [ch 5: page 85] (31 words)

Sanitary, washing and drinking facilities

 [ch 5: pages 85-86] (477 words)

Clothing and changing
 [ch 5: page 86] (241 words)

Rest and eating facilities

 [ch 5: pages 86-87] (167 words)

Disabled workers

 [ch 5: page 87] (60 words)

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

 [ch 5: page 87] (318 words)

Smoking

 [ch 5: pages 88-90] (1,327 words)

Driving at work

 [ch 5: pages 90-91] (558 words)

Mobile phones and driving

 [ch 5: pages 91-92] (398 words)

Drug-driving limits

 [ch 5: pages 92-93] (517 words)

New drug-driving laws in Scotland
 [ch 5: page 93] (163 words)

Driving standards for vision, diabetes and epilepsy

 [ch 5: pages 94-95] (303 words)

Legislation covering particular industries

 [ch 5: page 95] (114 words)

Construction

 [ch 5: pages 95-96] (406 words)

Mines

 [ch 5: pages 96-97] (119 words)

Offshore

 [ch 5: page 97] (325 words)

Chapter 6

6. Hazardous substances

 [ch 6: page 98] (276 words)

Key changes and developments since last year
 ...
Subscribers only

Control of substances hazardous to health

 [ch 6: pages 98-101] (1,285 words)

Carcinogens and mutagens

 [ch 6: pages 101-102] (197 words)

EU action on carcinogens
 [ch 6: pages 102-103] (385 words)

Diesel Engine Exhaust Emissions (DEEEs)
 [ch 6: pages 103-105] (1,029 words)

Asthma

 [ch 6: page 105] (177 words)

Dust

 [ch 6: pages 105-106] (296 words)

Legionnaires’ disease

 [ch 6: pages 106-107] (301 words)

Needlestick or sharps injuries

 [ch 6: page 107] (159 words)

Dermatitis and other skin conditions

 [ch 6: pages 107-108] (492 words)

Latex allergy

 [ch 6: page 109] (145 words)

Toxic cabin air
 [ch 6: page 109] (212 words)

Chemicals information and packaging

 [ch 6: pages 109-110] (248 words)

European chemicals strategy (REACH) 
 [ch 6: pages 110-111] (473 words)

Safety data sheets

 [ch 6: page 111] (216 words)

Major accident hazards

 [ch 6: pages 112-113] (529 words)

Dangerous substances and explosive atmospheres
 [ch 6: pages 113-114] (550 words)

Asbestos
 [ch 6: pages 114-115] (449 words)

Controlling risks from asbestos

 [ch 6: page 115] (219 words)

The duty to manage asbestos

 [ch 6: pages 115-116] (344 words)

Compensation for asbestos-related diseases

 [ch 6: pages 116-118] (674 words)

Pleural plaques

 [ch 6: page 118] (164 words)

Lead

 [ch 6: pages 118-120] (704 words)

Transport of dangerous goods

 [ch 6: page 120] (132 words)

Genetically modified organisms

 [ch 6: pages 120-121] (297 words)

Pesticides

 [ch 6: page 121] (279 words)

Glyphosate
 [ch 6: page 122] (325 words)

Chapter 7

7. Equipment and clothing at work

 [ch 7: page 123] (55 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

Display screen equipment

 [ch 7: pages 123-125] (960 words)

Breaks for DSE users

 [ch 7: pages 125-126] (262 words)

Rest breaks and monotonous work

 [ch 7: page 126] (96 words)

Machinery and other equipment

 [ch 7: pages 126-128] (1,073 words)

Lifting operations and equipment
 [ch 7: page 128] (182 words)

Work at height

 [ch 7: pages 129-130] (680 words)

Personal protective equipment

 [ch 7: pages 130-132] (809 words)

Agency workers and PPE

 [ch 7: page 132] (184 words)

TUC footwear guidance

 [ch 7: page 133] (56 words)

Changes to head protection rules — turbans

 [ch 7: page 133] (87 words)

CE marking
 [ch 7: page 133] (78 words)

Women’s PPE
 [ch 7: pages 133-134] (261 words)

Discriminatory dress codes
 [ch 7: page 134] (391 words)

Chapter 8

8. Physical hazards at work

 [ch 8: page 135] (246 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

The Manual Handling Operations Regulations

 [ch 8: pages 135-136] (494 words)

Manual handling case law
 [ch 8: pages 136-137] (206 words)

Consultation with safety reps
 [ch 8: page 136] (170 words)

Manual handling tools

 [ch 8: pages 137-139] (770 words)

Protection under the Equality Act 2010

 [ch 8: pages 139-140] (366 words)

Fire
 [ch 8: pages 140-141] (749 words)

Regulatory Reform Order 
 [ch 8: pages 141-142] (254 words)

General fire precautions

 [ch 8: page 142] (185 words)

Risk assessment

 [ch 8: page 142] (86 words)

Preventive and protection measures

 [ch 8: pages 142-143] (407 words)

Information and training

 [ch 8: pages 143-144] (150 words)

Enforcement

 [ch 8: page 144] (173 words)

Noise
 [ch 8: pages 144-145] (150 words)

Noise levels

 [ch 8: page 145] (328 words)

Risk assessment

 [ch 8: pages 145-146] (294 words)

Controlling noise

 [ch 8: pages 146-147] (231 words)

Hearing protection

 [ch 8: page 147] (286 words)

Information and training

 [ch 8: page 148] (199 words)

Compensation for hearing loss

 [ch 8: page 148] (107 words)

Acoustic shock
 [ch 8: pages 148-150] (624 words)

Voice damage

 [ch 8: page 150] (124 words)

Vibration

 [ch 8: pages 150-151] (546 words)

Radiation

 [ch 8: pages 151-155] (1,613 words)

New Radiation (Emergency Preparedness and Public Information) Regulations 2019
 [ch 8: page 155] (188 words)

Electromagnetic fields
 [ch 8: pages 156-158] (1,053 words)

Optical radiation

 [ch 8: pages 158-159] (425 words)

Electricity

 [ch 8: pages 159-160] (613 words)

Portable appliance testing
 [ch 8: pages 160-161] (119 words)

Gas

 [ch 8: pages 161-162] (445 words)

Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG)

 [ch 8: page 162] (216 words)

Confined spaces

 [ch 8: page 162] (106 words)

Pressure systems

 [ch 8: page 162] (103 words)

Work in compressed air 
 [ch 8: page 163] (107 words)

Chapter 9

9. Hours of work

 [ch 9: page 164] (227 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

The Working Time Directive

 [ch 9: page 164] (121 words)

What is working time?

 [ch 9: page 165] (486 words)

Time spent on-call

 [ch 9: pages 166-167] (608 words)

Recording working time
 [ch 9: page 167] (79 words)

Unmeasured time

 [ch 9: page 167] (61 words)

Who is covered by the Working Time Regulations (WTR)
 [ch 9: pages 167-168] (224 words)

Mobile workers

 [ch 9: page 168] (305 words)

Drivers’ working hours

 [ch 9: pages 168-169] (236 words)

Exclusions from the WTR

 [ch 9: pages 169-170] (662 words)

Collective action on working time
 [ch 9: pages 170-171] (177 words)

Children

 [ch 9: page 171] (194 words)

The maximum working week

 [ch 9: page 171] (118 words)

The UK’s 48-hour opt-out

 [ch 9: pages 171-172] (309 words)

Work Your Proper Hours Day

 [ch 9: page 172] (140 words)

A claim of work-related stress

 [ch 9: pages 172-173] (370 words)

Young workers

 [ch 9: page 173] (105 words)

Night and shift work

 [ch 9: pages 173-175] (749 words)

Night worker health assessments

 [ch 9: page 175] (179 words)

Daily rest

 [ch 9: page 175] (36 words)

Weekly rest

 [ch 9: page 175] (74 words)

Rest breaks

 [ch 9: pages 175-176] (321 words)

Compensatory rest

 [ch 9: pages 176-177] (373 words)

Holidays
 and holiday pay
 [ch 9: pages 177-178] (387 words)

Holiday entitlement

 [ch 9: page 178] (154 words)

Payment for holidays

 [ch 9: pages 178-180] (960 words)

Timing of holidays

 [ch 9: pages 180-181] (224 words)

Offshore oil workers

 [ch 9: page 181] (162 words)

Carrying unused leave forward 

 [ch 9: pages 181-182] (400 words)

Sick leave and holiday

 [ch 9: pages 182-183] (503 words)

Claiming holiday pay in the employment tribunal
 [ch 9: pages 183-184] (408 words)

Bank holidays

 [ch 9: page 184] (48 words)

Agency workers’ enhanced rights

 [ch 9: page 184] (181 words)

Part-time workers
 [ch 9: pages 184-185] (137 words)

WTR and collective and workforce agreements

 [ch 9: page 185] (58 words)

Enforcement of the WTR

 [ch 9: page 185] (104 words)

Protection against detrimental treatment

 [ch 9: page 185] (47 words)

Compensation for injury to feelings
 [ch 9: page 185] (144 words)

The Working Time Regulations and Brexit
 [ch 9: page 186] (273 words)

Chapter 10

10. Reporting and recording, protection of information and occupational health 
 [ch 10: page 187] (100 words)

Key changes and developments since last year

 ...
Subscribers only

Recording and reporting accidents

 [ch 10: page 187] (136 words)

What is reportable under RIDDOR?
 [ch 10: pages 187-190] (1,098 words)

Statistics on death and injury
 [ch 10: pages 190-191] (410 words)

The whole story report

 [ch 10: page 191] (339 words)

The accident book
 [ch 10: page 192] (174 words)

Accident investigation

 [ch 10: page 192] (217 words)

Protecting health information

 [ch 10: pages 193-194] (451 words)

TUC advice for safety reps on GDPR 
 [ch 10: page 194] (334 words)

Ban on pre-employment health checks

 [ch 10: pages 194-195] (139 words)

First aid

 [ch 10: page 195] (28 words)

What the First Aid Regulations require

 [ch 10: pages 195-196] (651 words)

First aid training

 [ch 10: pages 196-197] (155 words)

Guidance on the First Aid Regulations
 [ch 10: pages 197-198] (429 words)

Occupational health

 [ch 10: page 198] (100 words)

Fit for Work

 [ch 10: page 198] (214 words)

Fit notes

 [ch 10: pages 198-199] (463 words)

Returning to work after long-term absence

 [ch 10: pages 199-200] (167 words)

Chapter 11

11. Stress, bullying, harassment and violence

 [ch 11: page 201] (305 words)

Key changes and developments since last year
 ...
Subscribers only

General duties

 [ch 11: pages 201-202] (126 words)

Stress
 [ch 11: page 202] (133 words)

TUC/HSE guidance on tackling stress
 [ch 11: pages 202-203] (524 words)

Lack of enforcement
 [ch 11: page 203] (138 words)

Seeking redress for work-related stress

 [ch 11: pages 203-205] (620 words)

Providing a counselling service

 [ch 11: page 205] (72 words)

Exceeding the 48-hour week

 [ch 11: page 205] (59 words)

Mental health at work and discrimination

 [ch 11: pages 205-206] (578 words)

Bullying and harassment

 [ch 11: pages 206-207] (394 words)

Common law protection 

 [ch 11: page 207] (98 words)

Protection under the Equality Act 2010

 [ch 11: page 207] (56 words)

Harassment by third parties

 [ch 11: pages 207-209] (702 words)

Constructive dismissal

 [ch 11: page 209] (276 words)

Protection from Harassment Act 1997

 [ch 11: page 210] (225 words)

Violence

 [ch 11: pages 210-212] (867 words)

Emergency workers

 [ch 11: page 212] (221 words)

Protection of Workers (Retail and Age-Related Sales etc.) (Scotland) Bill [ch 11: page 212] (106 words)

Employer criminal liability

 [ch 11: page 213] (242 words)

Vicarious liability
 [ch 11: pages 213-215] (977 words)

Cuts to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme
 [ch 11: page 215] (153 words)

Dangerous dogs legislation

 [ch 11: pages 215-216] (420 words)

Further information

Further information 
 [pages 217-218] (416 words)

All regulations made since 1988 can be downloaded from the website at: www.legislation.gov.uk ...
Subscribers only